practices at some Kombinaten and production units. If an enterprise received an over delivery of materials or goods, these were not sent back and therefore created a shortfall in another part of industry or consumer economy. Production managers retained these over supplied materials as bartering commodities to acquire materials or goods which had not arrived in the quantities they required to fulfil their own production targets from other VEBs or state enterprises. Sometimes this was not possible or the oversupplied goods found their way into the black market economy. This would lead to a shortage in the state department stores and accounted for the ability to purchase the same item, for a price, from the black market economy.
According to Vacheron Constantin , the inspiration for its Métiers d’Art Mecaniques Ajourées collection ( “ajourée” is French for “openworked”) came from the architectural design of 19th century European railroad stations — the Gothic arches and airy vaults of the Industrial Revolution, along with the distinctive railway wall clocks and their Roman numerals. The movement in these watches, Caliber 4400 SQ (“squellette”) is described by the company as “hand-sculpted,” featuring manual beveling, engraving, and straightening, fine interior angles and contrasting brushed and polished finishes. The outer rings (in black, gray, or blue; there is also a high-jewelry version with baguette diamonds on the bezel) are made of grand feu enamel. The white gold cases are 40 mm in diameter, and the movement bears the Geneva Hallmark. to see other watches in this collection, click here .