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Ibuprofen which is also known as : Advil, Advil Childrens, Advil Junior Strength, Advil Liquigel, Advil Migraine, Advil Pediatric, Childrens Ibuprofen Berry, Genpril, IBU, Midol IB, Midol Maximum Strength Cramp Formula, Dolgesic, Motrin Childrens, Motrin IB, Motrin Infant Drops, Motrin Junior Strength, Motrin Migraine Pain, Nuprin, Migraine Liqui-gels, Ibu-Tab 200, Cap-Profen, Tab-Profen, Profen, Ibuprohm, Children’s Elixsure, IB Pro, Vicoprofen, Combunox, A-G Profen, Actiprofen, Addaprin, Advil Infants Concentrated Drops, Caldolor, Haltran, Q-Profen, Ibifon 600, Ibren, Menadol, Midol Cramps & Bodyaches, Rufen, Saleto-200, Samson, Ultraprin, Uni-Pro, Wal-Profen.
NSAIDs have anti-inflammatory (reduce inflammation), analgesic (relieve pain) and antipyretic (lower temperature) effects. Although different NSAIDs have different structures, they all work by blocking cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. There are two main types of COX enzymes: COX-1 and COX-2. Both types produce prostaglandins; however, the main function of COX-1 enzymes is to produce baseline levels of prostaglandins that activate platelets and protect the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, whereas COX-2 enzymes are responsible for releasing prostaglandins after infection or injury. Prostaglandins have a number of different effects, one of which is to regulate inflammation. Most NSAIDs inhibit both enzymes, although a few are available that mainly inhibit COX-2. The pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects of NSAIDs are mainly due to inhibition of COX-2, and their unwanted side effects are largely due to inhibition of COX-1.